Building a modern city on a human scale
As well as an architect, Le Corbusier was also a brilliant urban planner. He imagined a radiant city, "made for people, made on a human scale, using the robustness of modern techniques, demonstrating the splendor of raw concrete."*
The architect overturned urban planning principles to design the city on a human scale. To do this he created the "Modulor", a standardized human silhouette which determines a golden number used to design the structure and size of housing units. The Cité Radieuse (Radiant City) in Marseille (France) is the first housing unit he constructed using this principle. He designed concrete buildings on stilts to liberate the whole space from the ground, in favor of pedestrians, and mixed housing with services (schools, medical services, grocery stores, etc.).
Le Corbusier went on to apply his urban and architectural principles to an entire city. This created the new city of Chandigarh in India, whose urban planning became a well-known model around the world. Le Corbusier designed its plans and traffic system, ensuring it has the least congestion in the country even today. The architect also made good use of concrete in the construction of administrative buildings and insisted on the material as vital in the construction of cities.
* La Ville Radieuse, 1935, Editions de l'Architecture d'Aujourd'hui.